Wismeijer and van Assen 2013 found that "the association of BDSM role and gender was strong and significant" with only 8% of women in the study being dominant compared to 75% being submissive.
Also see the mist which preludes the horrific in George's ascent of Arthur's Seat in Hogg's Confessions of a Justified Sinner.
While achieving a considerable degree of terror and chills, the Female Gothic usually eschews the more overt and graphic scenes of violence and sexual perversion found in the literature of horror, often opting for the "" instead of the real thing.
The full-moon convention is often used in Gothic Literature due to a belief that lunacy and madness abounds during this time.
Around, on every side, far as the eye could penetrate, were seen only forms of grandeur—the long perspective of mountain-tops, tinged with ethereal blue, or white with snow; vallies of ice, and forests of gloomy fir.
It would have added the following text to the : All governments in Oregon may not use their monies or properties to promote, encourage or facilitate , , or masochism.